Eyewitness testimony is a thriving aspect of the felony justice system, an unbelievable amount of research into this aspect of cognitive psychology questions the trustworthiness of people's storage especially using it as evidence to determine the end result of the trial and convictions. Responses from 64 psychologists about their courtroom experiences and their opinions on 30 eyewitness-related phenomena to determine the “general acceptance” of these phenomena within the eyewitness identification research community 3 general acceptance is relevant to whether scientific testimony is admissible as evidence in court (see chapter 3. Outline and evaluate research into the effects of age on eyewitness testimony outline and evaluate the working memory model outline and evaluate the working memory model cognitive interview anxiety and eye witness testimony deffenbacher et al.
Evaluation of research into eyewitness testimony eyewitness testimony investigates the accuracy of memory following a crime or an incident worth interrogating and the types of errors made in such situations. Eyewitness testimony one important application of research into memory is eyewitness testimony (ewt) ewt is used as evidence in criminal trials in countries all over the world juries tend to pay extra attention to eyewitness testimony and generally see it as very trustworthy and convincing however, a great deal of research in cognitive. Evaluation: this is positive because it is further evidence that high levels of anxiety can result in a false eyewitness testimony, as found in loftus’ research, supporting the theory that anxiety affects ewt accuracy. Eyewitness testimony can be of great value to the legal system, but decades of research now argues that this testimony is often given far more weight than its accuracy justifies outside resources video 1: eureka foong's - the misinformation effect.
Evaluation of ewt misleading information research strengths: - there is a large base of evidence suggesting that misleading information can lead to ewt inaccuracy, which has raised awareness that the criminal justice system cannot always rely on ewt as a basis for [sometimes incorrect] convictions. Eyewitness testimony (ewt) the evidence provided in court by a person who has witnessed a crime/incident with a view to identifying the perpetrator of the crime it can be affected by many things such as leading questions and misleading information. Evaluation of research into child eyewitness testimony one weakness of poole and lynsday’s (2001) research is that it is difficult to eliminate extraneous variables compared to a controlled environment the family story may be a different experience for each child as there are interpersonal variables. Research into reconstructive memory the findings of studies allport if loftus is right, this should make eyewitness testimony very unreliable, since the memories change when we learn more information allport & postman also shows description and evaluation – evenly balanced apply the theory of reconstructive memory a 4-mark. Outline and evaluate research into the effects of age of witnesses on accuracy of eyewitness testimony (12 marks) i don't really know what to write for this question i have the ao1 bit down - i have written about studies by flin et al and memon et al and loftus et al.
Lang, angela, the role of memory and eye witness testimony (2010)senior honors projects paper 181 smashed into each other” (loftus 1974) when asked this question, participants were more apt future research on the role of eyewitness accounts should utilize similar. In addition, allowing experts on eyewitness identification to testify in court could educate juries and perhaps lead to more measured evaluation of the testimony. Research has shown however, that eyewitness testimony can be inaccurate and unreliable it is absolutely crucial that eyewitness testimony be as accurate as possible, as there have been as many as 225 innocent people falsely convicted of crimes due to mistaken eyewitness identification (innocence project, 2013.
Outline and evaluate research into the effect of anxiety on eyewitness performance 6 ao1 marks would come from a description of relevant research studies choosing 3 studies, perhaps 1 lab study and 2 real life ones, and describing them in simple paragraphs would be sufficient. Loftus and palmer (1974) study aim: to test their hypothesis that the language used in eyewitness testimony can alter memory thus, they aimed to show that leading questions could distort eyewitness testimony accounts and so have a confabulating effect, as the account would become distorted by cues provided in the question. Papers - evaluation of research into eyewitness testimony the effect of hypnosis on eyewitness testimony essay - the effect of hypnosis on eyewitness testimony works cited missing under hypnosis an eyewitness could produce false information whist giving a statement to the police. Weapon focus is a factor affecting the reliability of eyewitness testimony weapon focus signifies a witness to a crime diverting his or her attention to the weapon the perpetrator is holding, thus leaving less attention for other details in the scene and leading to memory impairments later for those other details [1. Although research on eyewitness testimony has attempted to determine memory accuracy and completeness in emotional events, the diversity of research methods used, the lack of uniformity in contents evaluated and the di•erent tests utilized.
Eyewitness identification: should psychologists be permitted to address the jury margaret j lane follow this and additional works at: eyewitness testimony and the need for cautionary jury instructions in criminal cases, while the integration of psychological research into the legal. Eyewitness testimony is important to investigators because it provides important insights into precisely what had happened live observers to events are crucial to the establishment of reasonably. Eyewitness testimony has been a thriving aspect of the criminal justice system, an incredible amount of research into this element of cognitive psychology questions the reliability of people’s memory especially using it as evidence to determine the outcome of the trial and convictions. Reliability - loftus' research groups have conducted several studies into ewt and have regularly found similar results the use of the lab experiments and controlled environments have allowed loftus to exhibit high control over the variables making the research replicable and provide more confidence in the research findings.
These results highlight the issue of post-even discussion and the powerful effect this can have on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony evaluation: where people assimilate new information into their own accounts of the event and are unable to distinguish between what they have seen and what they have heard further research is required. Outline and evaluate research into effects of age on the accuracy of ewt - download as word doc (doc / docx), pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online 12 marks essay on the effects of age on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, very useful for psychology as. Knowledge of research into effects of leading questions is present although links to accuracy of eyewitness testimony are limited focus is mainly on description any evaluation is of limited effectiveness. Misleading information on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony loftus and palmer [s sample consisted of 45 american university students loftus and palmer [s experiment had six conditions, and they used a.
Much research into anxiety and eyewitness testimony is laboratory based in real life situations, conflicting results occur yuille and cutshall (1986) found witnesses to a fatal shooting with high arousal recalled fewer items correctly that those with low levels, but witnesses with very high arousal had extremely accurate recall, suggesting support for the inverted-u hypothesis. Eyewitness testimony is an important area of research in cognitive psychology and human memory juries tend to pay close attention to eyewitness testimony and generally find it a reliable source of information.